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Zullen and kunnen
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What zullen (to 'will') and kunnen (to be able, can) have in common is that they share the same irregular vowel change in the 1st and 3rd person of the present tense.

Zullen is the auxiliary verb we use for the future tense.

Zullen (will)

Simple present:

ik zal we zullen
je zal/zult* jullie zullen
hij zal ze zullen

Simple past:

ik zou we zouden
je zou jullie zouden
hij zou ze zouden

Past participle: gezuld**

(*) Je zult and je zal are both correct. (**) You will rarely come across the past participle 'gezuld'. Zullen is used as an auxiliary verb for the future tense. This means it always precedes (supports) another verb. When a past participle acts as an auxiliary for another verb, it turns into an infinitive.

Note the similarities between zullen and kunnen:

Kunnen (can)

Simple present:

ik kan we kunnen
je kan/kunt* jullie kunnen
hij kan ze kunnen

Simple past:

ik kon we konden
je kon jullie konden
hij kon ze konden

Past participle: gekund

(*) Je kunt and je kan are both correct.

Note that the examples above give you the unstressed personal pronouns. Some pronouns change when they are stressed in a phrase: je/jij, we/wij, ze/zij (both singular and plural).

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Last updated on December 05, 2009 ::