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Direct object and possessive/demonstrative
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Position of the specific and non-specific direct object.

A direct object that starts with a possessive or demonstrative pronoun is always specific. If I talk about my desk, I am excluding all other possible desks. If that desk is a bit untidy, I am talking about one particular desk.

Specific direct objects are placed at the beginning of the middle part.

Left Middle Right
Zij heeft haar sleutels zojuist in de auto laten liggen
She just left her keys in the car.

Haar sleutels is a specific direct object, because it refers to a specific set of keys (not my keys or your keys). Because it is a specific direct object, it is placed at the beginning of the middle part. In the auto is not a PLACE component, because it refers to the place of the direct object, which we find in the right side.

Left Middle Right
Heb je die film op tv gezien?
Did you see that movie on TV?

This sentence is a question, which we will deal with later. You can already see that the only change that takes place occurs in the FF: the subject and finite verb have switched places. Further, op tv is not a PLACE element, because it is not the subject (je) but the direct object (die film) which is on tv.

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Last updated on May 19, 2007 ::