Transative / Intransative

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mr_psm
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Country of residence: Netherlands
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Transative / Intransative

Post by mr_psm » Thu Mar 30, 2017 7:50 am

I understand the difference between Transitive and Intransative in English, yet do not fully understand the useage in Dutch. For example: I usually use a transative infinative at the end of a sentence, then I am told it should be an intransative.

Maybe this is not a good example and is not a true Transative / Intransative matter, but this is the mistake I seem to make; and I would like to know how I can recognise this mistake and use the correct form.

Ik moet de vraag antwoorden. (incorrect?)
Ik moet de vraag BEantwoorden. (Correct?)

Thanks,
PSM

ngonyama
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Re: Transative / Intransative

Post by ngonyama » Thu Mar 30, 2017 3:49 pm

mr_psm wrote:I understand the difference between Transitive and Intransative in English, yet do not fully understand the useage in Dutch. For example: I usually use a transative infinative at the end of a sentence, then I am told it should be an intransative.

Maybe this is not a good example and is not a true Transative / Intransative matter, but this is the mistake I seem to make; and I would like to know how I can recognise this mistake and use the correct form.

Ik moet de vraag antwoorden. (incorrect?) incorrect
Ik moet de vraag BEantwoorden. (Correct?) correct

The verb antwoorden is followed by an indirect object not a direct one. The be- prefix makes that a direct object

Hij antwoordde hem -- he gave an answer to him
Hij beantwoordde de vraag -- he answered the question



Thanks,
PSM

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