A list of adverbs and conjunctions that create inversion?

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According to many, the word order is one of the hardest parts of the Dutch language. If you are also struggling with subordinate clauses, inversion and the like, this is the place to be.
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Mellifera
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A list of adverbs and conjunctions that create inversion?

Post by Mellifera » Sun Jan 26, 2014 3:58 pm

Hello forum,

I'm looking for a comprehensive list of adverbs and conjunctions that are followed by inversion? I hope it exists.

I do get the subordinating-and-coordinating-conjunctions rule, but I'm a bit more confused when it comes to the adverbs.

For instance, "Nadat mevrouw Van Berkum haar eigen caravan had neergezet en opgeruimd, heeft ze anderen geholpen." Nadat here created a inversion, but sort of partial inversion? I mean, it's not "Nadat had mevrouw Van Berkum...". And so do some other adverbs. And it sort of confuses me. Is there a good link to explain the rule?

Thanks in advance.

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Re: A list of adverbs and conjunctions that create inversion?

Post by Bert » Sun Jan 26, 2014 5:33 pm

Mellifera wrote:For instance, "Nadat mevrouw Van Berkum haar eigen caravan had neergezet en opgeruimd, heeft ze anderen geholpen."
Nadat ... had neergezet en opgeruimd, ... is no inversion in my opinion, it is just "the verbs go to the end of the sentence" rule.
..., heeft ze ... is an inversion indeed.

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Re: A list of adverbs and conjunctions that create inversion?

Post by ngonyama » Mon Jan 27, 2014 5:31 am

This cannot be answered with a simple list, because you are confusing an number of issues. There is a difference between inversion and subjunction.

Inversion happens between subject and the finite form of the verb in an number of cases:
1) In questions: Ik kom --> Kom je?
2) When for reasons of emphasis something else is put at the beginning of the sentence: Ik kom - Natuurlijk kom ik!

Inversion does not mess up the rest of the sentence much:

Ik kom morgen om half tien naar je toe.
Morgen kom ik om half tien naar je toe.
Ik ben op de fiets naar huis gegaan.
Gisteren ben ik op de fiets naar huis gegaan.

What comes at the head of the sentence can be an adverb, but it can also be a phrase

Het regent. Ik kom niet.
Omdat het regent kom ik niet.

Subjunction happens in indirect clauses after (most) conjunctions. They make the sentence they initiate into a 'subservient' part of the greater utterance. In such sentences the finite verb moves all the way to the end of the sentence

Ik ben moe. Ik ben op de fiets naar huis gegaan.
Ik ben moe omdat ik op de fiets naar huis gegaan ben.

There are a only few conjunctions that do not create subservience. They simply link two sentences together. Examples are "en", "want", "maar"

Ik ben moe en ik ben op de fiets naar huis gegaan.
Ik ben moe want ik ben op de fiets naar huis gegaan.
Ik ben moe maar ik ben wel op de fiets naar huis gegaan.

A few can go either way, but take on a different meaning, e.g. "of"

Ik ben moe of ik ben ziek. (of = or) conjunction
Ik weet niet of ik ziek ben. (of= if,whether) subjunction.

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Re: A list of adverbs and conjunctions that create inversion

Post by Mellifera » Tue May 27, 2014 10:29 pm

Bert wrote:
Mellifera wrote:For instance, "Nadat mevrouw Van Berkum haar eigen caravan had neergezet en opgeruimd, heeft ze anderen geholpen."
Nadat ... had neergezet en opgeruimd, ... is no inversion in my opinion, it is just "the verbs go to the end of the sentence" rule.
..., heeft ze ... is an inversion indeed.

Yeah, I guess I use the term inversion too flippantly.

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Mellifera
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Re: A list of adverbs and conjunctions that create inversion

Post by Mellifera » Tue May 27, 2014 10:34 pm

Dank je voor je antwoord, ngonyama. Heel behulpzaam.

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