http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Verbs.re09't Kofschip or pocketfish
It is probably quite difficult to remember these letters separately. To remember them, the Dutch use the words 't kofschip ('the koff boat') or 't fokschaap ('the breeding sheep'), which both contain all of the t-verb consonants. The only consonant that is missing is the letter 'x'. This is not such a problem as there are only very few verb stems that end in -x. A common x-verb is faxen (to fax). For those of you who find it hard to remember 't kofschip or 't fokschaap, I invented a new fish: The "pocket fish". This may be easier to remember for English speakers. Perhaps you will find a better one yourself.
"sj" or "sh" is missing too in 't kofschip. "x" isnt really missing, since you hear that it's the same as ks.
Also, I think it'd be more practical to find the stem of a verb keeping z or s.
leez <- stem
leezde, leezt <- add the right suffix
leesde, leest <- apply the spelling rule saying z is spelled as s
##Factje for any verdiepingsinformation that might be added
the suffixes -de and -den that are used to form weak verbs come from "doen"(or rather, an older form of it, perhaps).
You can compare this to the English construction:
I did open that == Ik dee(d) open dat
ik opende dat
Adding "ware" to the conditional page would be nice too, atleast for passive knowledge.
For the passive voice:
A good way to memorize what verbs forms to use, is simply to think of the auxiliary verbs as forms of "worden" (which is very true)
ik word gegeten
ik werd gegeten
ik ben gegeten
ik was gegeten
Keeping "geworden" isn't considered standard language though^^, but that I still find this a good way to get it right.
Not necessarily, it's quite already to use just the stem of the verb without the pronoun. stem+t is archaic though, and then only used when adressing more than one personIf you use the polite imperative, you have to add the personal pronoun u
ga zitten, meneer
gaat u zitten, meneer
Another frequent imperative-construction is using "gelieven", but maybe that is to be found in some other page - just thought I should mention it to be sure:
gelieve u te gaan zitten
gelief(t) u te gaan zitten
men gelieve zich onmiddelijk na het wakker worden een bad te nemen <- not really on topic, but it's fun to write
It's a mixed verb. (forms in use are bolded)This is such a tiny irregularity, that willen is really regarded as a regular verb. However, it has to be mentioned, so why not mention it here.
willen, wilde(n), gewild
willen, wou(de(n)), *gewoud
curiousa: notice the resemblance with "would"
"hij wilt" is acceptable but not as "correct" as "hij wil", much like "jij wil" is accebtable, eventhough "jij wilt" is better
Verbs not having -t in third person singular are often modal verbs, mogen, zijn/wezen, willen, etc, if i recall correctly
the term "weak past" would be more suiting, since the strong verb system is regular too, in its own way. Spam with the old preterites I happen to know of the top of my head - not suggesting those be addedRegular past, past participle gets -en
For example: bannen, bande, gebannen
Verbs in this group: bakken, bannen, barsten, behangen, braden, brouwen, heten, hoeven, houwen, lachen, laden, malen, raden, scheiden, spannen, stoten, vouwen, wassen, weven.
bakken - biek
(also: maken - miek - gemaken/gemaakt)
behangen - behing
heten - hiet
lachen - loeg
raden - ried
scheiden <- this verb would be orginally weak I think (not spelled with ij)
wassen - wies
weven - woof
Curiousa: Those verbs are historically two groups, where some of them had an a in singular. Example: winnen, wan, wonnen, gewonnen - vinden, vand, vonden, gevondenVerbs in this group: beginnen, binden, blinken, dingen naar, dringen, drinken, dwingen, glimmen, klimmen, klinken, krimpen, schrikken, slinken, spinnen, springen, stinken, vinden, winden, winnen, wringen, zingen, zinken, zinnen.
Curiousa: Those verbs are weak and strong at once. They both have a dental suffix -te, and a vowel/consonant changePast and past participle end in -cht
For example: brengen, bracht, gebracht
Verbs in this group: brengen, denken, kopen, zoeken.
I think this might apply to "Past ends in -st, past participle gets -en" too.
Like the reader of the page might guess, "gevragen" and "gejagen" were used oncea - oe - regular past participle
For example: jagen, joeg, gejaagd
Verbs in this group: jagen, vragen.
Only restant of Grammatischer \o/! Also, like I've said before in a separate thread:iez - oor - or, past participle gets -en
*wazen => waren
...perhaps soemthing for verdieping in the page about "zijn", the content of that thread of mine
It's borrowed from the sister-verb "heven". In Floris ende Blanchefloer, you find the older form "hevet"The present tense of hebben is not very irregular. Only the 3rd person singular has an irregular stem (heeft).
kunnen and zullen's regularity is better shown if you make "morphological" tables:
1s. ik kan, zal
2s. - (this is where "du" once was)
3s. hij/zij/het/u kan, zal
1p. wij kunnen
2ps. jij kunt
2pp. jullie kunnen(/kunt)
3p. wij kunnen
1 The forms of jij and u are often mixed up, which produces "u kunt" and "jij kan", "u wilt" and "jij wil".