(in)ergatives mankeren

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Regular verbs, irregular verbs, auxiliary verbs, compound verbs... When do we use which tense? What about those strange constructions the Dutch use to make a continuous? "Staat" my book on the shelf or "ligt" it? Ask all about Dutch verbs here.
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ngonyama
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(in)ergatives mankeren

Post by ngonyama » Mon Oct 12, 2009 12:33 am

Most Dutch intransitive verbs can be divided into two groups:

Ergatives take ''zijn'' in the perfect

Het vet stolt - het vet is gestold

They are autonomous processes that lack a clear 'agent' (or movements like gaan etc) and they are really intransitive because there are no passives with 'worden'

Inergatives take "hebben" in the perfect

De hond blaft - de hond heeft geblaft.

There is an agent (that :mad: dog:) and they are not completely intransitive, because you can make an impersonal passive with "er"

Er wordt geblaft!

However, what to say about a verb like "mankeren". It may have been borrowed as an impersonal verb from French:

Mij mankeert niets.
Het mankeert mij aan geld.

But nowadays it is more usual to say:

Ik mankeer niets
Hij heeft van alles gemankeerd

Niets and van alles function as (direct?) objects. Nevertheless, there are no "worden" forms but it does take hebben.

So what is this? An impersonal that is on its way to becoming transitive? A neitherergative? :?

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