Most Common "Base" Verbs

[werkwoorden]
Regular verbs, irregular verbs, auxiliary verbs, compound verbs... When do we use which tense? What about those strange constructions the Dutch use to make a continuous? "Staat" my book on the shelf or "ligt" it? Ask all about Dutch verbs here.
Post Reply
Moglandor
Nieuwkomer
Posts: 1
Joined: Fri Mar 20, 2015 7:48 pm
Country of residence: United States
Mother tongue: English (United States)

Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by Moglandor » Fri Jul 10, 2015 4:58 pm

There are many Dutch verbs that are formed with a "base" verb and a prefix (ver- be- on-, etc.) or a separable prefix (aan- uit-, etc.). I am looking for a list of the most common base verbs. In other words, the most common basic forms that may be used in other verb forms created with various prefixes. Does anyone know if there is such a list somewhere? Thanks.

ngonyama
Superlid
Posts: 1299
Joined: Mon Oct 12, 2009 12:15 am
Country of residence: United States
Mother tongue: Dutch (Netherlands)
Second language: English
Third language: German
Fourth language: French
Fifth, sixth, seventh, ..., languages: Russisch, Xhosa

Re: Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by ngonyama » Sat Jul 11, 2015 4:04 am

WikiWoordenboek has a category https://nl.wiktionary.org/wiki/Categori ... Nederlands, but those are not always the common ones.

User avatar
HalloweenHJB
Lid
Posts: 8
Joined: Tue Jan 05, 2016 7:45 pm
Country of residence: United States
Mother tongue: English (United States)
Second language: Spanish
Third language: French
Gender: Male

Re: Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by HalloweenHJB » Mon Jan 25, 2016 12:15 am

The textbooks that I have been able to find for learning Dutch have not been the most helpful for learning vocabulary. The focus is either on grammar structures or communicative functions, but vocabulary seems not to get much careful and purposeful attention. And one of the difficulties I am having learning Dutch is building up a strong vocabulary.

With that in mind, I have been putting together my own list of verbs, with English equivalent, simple past form and past participle. I wanted to share it with people, but unfortunately, the forum does not allow pdf files. Is there a way to post a PDF here? :-(

User avatar
Bieneke
Site Administrator
Posts: 1965
Joined: Wed Aug 10, 2005 10:18 pm
Country of residence: Netherlands
Mother tongue: Dutch (Netherlands)
Second language: English
Gender: Female
Location: Maastricht

Re: Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by Bieneke » Mon Jan 25, 2016 1:38 am

Hi HalloweenHJB,

That sounds like a very useful document! I adjusted the settings so that it is possible to attach a pdf.
Bieneke

User avatar
HalloweenHJB
Lid
Posts: 8
Joined: Tue Jan 05, 2016 7:45 pm
Country of residence: United States
Mother tongue: English (United States)
Second language: Spanish
Third language: French
Gender: Male

Re: Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by HalloweenHJB » Mon Jan 25, 2016 4:02 am

Bieneke wrote:Hi HalloweenHJB,

That sounds like a very useful document! I adjusted the settings so that it is possible to attach a pdf.



The corrected versions are below the list of corrections.

Hope everyone finds them useful.
Last edited by HalloweenHJB on Mon Jan 25, 2016 8:02 pm, edited 2 times in total.

ngonyama
Superlid
Posts: 1299
Joined: Mon Oct 12, 2009 12:15 am
Country of residence: United States
Mother tongue: Dutch (Netherlands)
Second language: English
Third language: German
Fourth language: French
Fifth, sixth, seventh, ..., languages: Russisch, Xhosa

Re: Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by ngonyama » Mon Jan 25, 2016 5:15 am

On the first list

past of baden is baadde not badde

present of beginnen is begint not beginnt

biedt is the 3rd person present of bieden (not: biet)

halen is not to bring, but to fetch, to go get

present of mogen is mag, not magt

past of praten is praatte (not pratte)

present of slaan is slaat not slaant

present of slapen is slaapt not slapt

present of staan is staat not stant

ngonyama
Superlid
Posts: 1299
Joined: Mon Oct 12, 2009 12:15 am
Country of residence: United States
Mother tongue: Dutch (Netherlands)
Second language: English
Third language: German
Fourth language: French
Fifth, sixth, seventh, ..., languages: Russisch, Xhosa

Re: Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by ngonyama » Mon Jan 25, 2016 5:58 am

On the 2nd list

present of ademen is ademt not adeemt (accent is ádemen, not adémen)

badde-->baadde again

present of bakken is bakt not baakt

bedriegen is to cheat in the sense of commiting fraude, not to betray that is verraden

beginnt --> begint

present of begraven is begraaft not begraft

present of bestaan is bestaat not bestaant

the verb mean/signify is betekenen not beteken

to command is bevelen not bewelen and present is beveelt

biet--> biedt

present of blazen is blaast not blast

brengen can also mean to take, say to take someone to the doctor or so.

past partic of groeien is gegroeid not geroeid (that is from roeien to row)

grijpen is to grab not to grasp (that is begrijpen)

present of jagen is jaagt not jagt

magt --> mag

past partic of ontspannen is ontspannen

to open is openen, not open

opschieten is to hurry op, present is schiet op

present of opschrijven is schrijft op not schrift op

present of scheppen is schept not scheept (that is from (in)schepen to go on board, or (op)schepen: to dump on someones plate)

schuiven is to shove, to make something move over the ground in contact with it

slaant --> slaat
slapt--> slaapt

steunen can als be to moan

stoppen can also be hebben gestopt

past partc of terugkeren is teruggekeerd not gekeerd terug

toevoegen is not attach (that is aanhechten)

past of treffen is trof

uitproberen is not acceptable to all speaker because it is a germanism

uittrekken is to take off clothes, but also to pull out.

present of verdienen is verdient not verdeint

present of verdwijnen is verdwijnt not verdvijnt

to avoid is vermijden not vermeijden

present of vermoorden is vermoordt not vermoort

vernielen has venielt venielde venield (not ei)

the verb wakkerworden does not exist: it is two words

wakker worden / wordt wakker / werd wakker / wakker geworden

werven is a pretty uncommon verb and means to strive to obtain, mostly a crew for a ship or some cause. to acquire is verwerven / verwerft / verwierf / verworven

User avatar
HalloweenHJB
Lid
Posts: 8
Joined: Tue Jan 05, 2016 7:45 pm
Country of residence: United States
Mother tongue: English (United States)
Second language: Spanish
Third language: French
Gender: Male

Re: Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by HalloweenHJB » Mon Jan 25, 2016 8:00 pm

I appreciate your very careful corrections, ngonyama. I am so ashamed at all the mistakes —although some of them were simple typographic errors, and others were autocorrect "fixes," but most were due to my ignorance. I apologize for errors, but I will know better next time! :-D

The corrected (I hope!!) versions are attached below:
Verbs-list-common-corrected.pdf
(81.76 KiB) Downloaded 183 times
Verbs-list-long-corrected.pdf
(126.02 KiB) Downloaded 157 times

estarling
Superlid
Posts: 262
Joined: Mon Apr 07, 2014 7:01 am
Country of residence: Romania
Mother tongue: Romanian
Second language: English
Gender: Male
Location: sailing

Re: Most Common "Base" Verbs

Post by estarling » Tue Jun 28, 2016 1:26 pm

...
***** De onderlijning van fouten en de kritiek over deze tekst zijn welkom.

Post Reply