Some of these things I should not have not wrong and get angry with myself when I do
I know that you use deze for de words and dit for het words so why do I still make such silly mistakes..... I will print this information out and put it in my file. I think I need to do more simple exercises to practice these in between other things.
In fact just been going through some more of your lessons you wrote up to number 6 now and i think they are fantastic. You must have worked so hard on them. Lesson 6 made me think as willen, mogen and kunnen can be tricky verbs but I got most of them right
The pronouns is another hard exercise to get right. I am working through your lessons inbetween other things and then will try out some of the exericses on this site as well. "er" and "wel" and "nog" are more complicated things to get my head around. Slowly I am getting there. Wth my current teacher all correspondence has to be in Dutch so although hard it will improve my writing I am sure.
Yeah, I can imagine that this little "er" is a big stumbling block..
There are two main usages:
1) As replacement of the pronoun "it" in pronominal abverbs like erover, erbij etc. that can split up: "er niet over". There is a fine chapter about that here, but I am sure it takes exercise
2) To initiate sentences of a general, impersonal nature, like "er is koffie". (There is coffee). Such sentences are more common in Dutch like
"Er blaft een hond" - There's a dog barking. Here English at least has an equivalent, but strangely only in the continuous tenses, something like "There barks a dog" raises many an eyebrow.
"Er heeft geen hond geblaft" - ehm, literally "There has not barked a dog" Something like "There hasn't been a dog that barked" or so?
Even worse are impersonal passives:
"Er wordt music gespeeld" - There is music being played(?)
"Er werd geblaft" -- There was (some dog) barking (??). Barking was taking place(??). English will resort to: Some dog was barking, but the Dutch does not even mention the dog...
What I'm trying to say is that you cannot just 'learn the word "er".' You need to master its grammatical usage and that is hard.
And yes there are some more usages than the two above, but if could master these two, you'd come a long way.