Inti qieghed hawn: Grammar > Nouns and articles > BreadCrumbs

De-nouns
  • Klikkja hawn biex tipprintja din il-pagna. Il-kontenut tal-kolonna tan-nofs biss ser jigu pprintjati.
  • Ibghat din il-pagna bl-email.
  • {Zid din il-pagna mal-lista tal-"Favourit" tieghek [IE].)
  • Irraporta zball.
  • Ara il-"wiki code" ta' din il-pagna

Tradott mill-Ingliz minn ...

The absence of rules applies to het-nouns as well as to de-nouns. But there a few guidelines for de nouns.

De-nouns hints

  • Plural nouns

All plural nouns take the article 'de' regardless of whether their singular forms are de or het words.

de planeten the planets de potloden the pencils
de druppels the drops de boten the boats
de gedachten the thoughts de kinderen the children
de handen the hands de lijnen the lines
  • Obviously feminine or masculine nouns

Although most words are not obviously feminine or masculine, 'de' is the article used for feminine and masculine nouns. Some words leave no doubt about their genders, which makes it easy to see that they take 'de'.

de vrouw the woman de man the man
de teef the bitch (female dog!) de hengst the stallion
de koningin the queen de koning the king
de meid the maid de jongen the boy
  • Nouns ending in -ing (feminine)

These nouns are derived from verbs.

de betaling the payment de verovering the conquest
de uitnodiging the invitation de rekening the bill
de betovering the spell de opening the opening
de ontdekking the discovery de hervorming the reform
  • Nouns ending in -tie, -thie, and -sie (feminine)
de politie the police de petitie the petition
de executie the execution de tractatie the treat
de sympathie the sympathie de empathie the empathy
de visie the vision de fusie the merge
  • Nouns ending in -or (masculine)
de motor the motor de generator the generator
de monitor the professor de perforator the perforator
de professor the professor de factor the factor
de alligator the alligator de radiator the radiator
  • Persons

Nouns that refer to persons are almost always de nouns. This makes sense, since generally speaking, persons are either feminine or masculine.

  • Family
de moeder the mother de vader the father
de dochter the daughter de zoon the son
de kleindochter the granddaughter de kleinzoon the grandson
de tante the aunt de oom the uncle
de nicht the cousin (f) , niece de neef the cousin (m), nephew
de grootmoeder the grandmother de grootvader the grandfather
de oma the grandma de opa the grandpa

But: we say het kind (the child).

  • Nouns ending in -aar (masculine)

These are derived from verbs

de handelaar the trader de molenaar the miller
de veroveraar the conqueror de tovenaar the wizard
de leugenaar the liar de dienaar the servant
de minnaar the lover de ambtenaar the civil servant
  • Nouns ending in -eur (masculine)

Usually of a Latin origin.

de programmeur the programmer de acteur the actor
de adviseur the consultant de profiteur the parasite
de amateur the amateur de directeur the chief executive
de auteur the author de instructeur the instructor
  • Words ending in -er (masculine)

Just like in English, the most common ending for agents of a verb (to work - a worker, to sing - a singer).

de verkoper the seller, salesman de danser the dancer
de slager the butcher de bakker the baker
de dokter the doctor de schrijver the writer
de zanger the singer de dromer the dreamer
  • Female endings

These nouns fall under the category 'obviously feminine nouns'.

de verkoopster (verkoper) the saleswoman de danseres (danser) the dancer (f)
de actrice (acteur) the actress de zangeres (zanger) the singer (f)
de keizerin (keizer) the empress de directrice (directeur) the chief executive (f)
de minnares the lover (f) , mistress de kokkin (kok) the cook (f)

Mistoqsijiet? Mistoqsijiet?
     Zur il-forum taghna!

L-ahhar aggornament May 03, 2007 ::