The Dutch demonstrative pronouns are: dit (this), deze (this, these), dat (that), and die (that, those).
In order to understand how we use the demonstrative pronouns, we need to distinguish two types of pronouns:
||That book is nice.
||That is nice.
Dependent demonstrative pronouns
A dependent demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that precedes a specific person or thing, differentiating it from other similar members of its class. E.g. I want that book, not the other one. We call 'book' the antecedent.
Independent demonstrative pronouns
A demonstrative pronoun can also stand alone, meaning it does not have to precede a noun. For example, "That is nice ". An independent demonstrative does not need an antecedent.
On the following pages, the two types of demonstrative pronouns are explained. On the summary? page, you can see an overview.