Inti qieghed hawn: Grammar > Pronouns > BreadCrumbs

Formal 'such': Dusdanig and zodanig
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Tradott mill-Ingliz minn ...

Zodanig and dusdanig are formal forms of zo'n and zulke?.

They mean 'such' as in 'of such a nature' or 'of such a degree'. The two mean practically the same.

We use them in cause-and-effect sentences:

formal Ze hadden zodanige fouten gemaakt, dat het project moest worden afgelast. The mistakes they had made were such that they had to cancel the project.
Ze hadden dusdanige fouten gemaakt, dat het project moest worden afgelast.
common Ze hadden zulke fouten gemaakt, dat het project moest worden afgelast. They had made such mistakes, that they had to cancel the project.

As you can see, zodanig and dusdanig are used interchangeably. If you want to know the exact distinction: We use zodanig more often when we talk about 'of such nature' and dusdanig in the sense of 'of such a degree'.

Whether they get -e at the end depends on the word they precede. Before de-nouns, we add -e at the end. In this respect, they behave like adjectives.

Zodanig/dusdanig and 'zo' (so)

In the example above, zodanig/dusdanig precedes a noun and thus behaves as an adjective. It can also say something about a verb or adjective, which makes it an adverb.

In this case, we often use (exclamative) zo.

formal Ze hadden het dusdanig naar hun zin, dat ze besloten langer te blijven. They were enjoying themselves to such a degree, that they decided to stay longer.
common Ze hadden het zo naar hun zin, dat ze besloten langer te blijven. They were enjoying themselves so much, that they decided to stay longer.

An adverb never receives an extra -e at the end

As you can see, zo is the common form.

formal De kinderen waren dusdanig moe, dat ze meteen in slaap vielen. The children were tired to such a degree that they fell asleep immediately.
common De kinderen waren zo moe, dat ze meteen in slaap vielen. The children were so tired that they fell asleep immediately.

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L-ahhar aggornament June 28, 2008 ::