Inti qieghed hawn: Grammar > Spelling and pronunciation > BreadCrumbs

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Tradott mill-Ingliz minn ...

Rules for dividing words into syllables

  • If two vowels are separated by one consonant, the consonant goes to the second syllable
  • If two vowels are separated by more than one consonant, the first syllable gets one consonant, the second gets the rest
  • A syllable should not be impossible to pronounce: if it start with an impossible sequence of consonants, we send one (or as many as necessary) to the first syllable
  • CH is considered as one consonant
  • dieresis: We use this to indicate where two vowels have to separated. We only do this, if without the dieresis, the vowels would be pronounced as one vowel (double vowel or vowel combination)

Long vowels

Short vowels

  • Single, closed vowels - in other words: single vowels in syllables that end in one or more consonants

The mute e

If the letter e is unstressed, it is a mute e. When the e is stressed, it is either short (if closed) or long (if open).


  • A syllable never ends in a double vowel (with the exception of ee at the very end of a word)
  • A syllable never ends in two identical consonants
  • A syllable never ends in z or v (they turn into s or f respectively). See also hard and soft consonants
  • The length of a vowel generally remains unchanged if the form of the word changes (e.g. from singular to plural). See also maintaining vowel length.


  • to stress a whole word (it was her idea --> het was háár idee)
  • to distinguish een (a or an) from één (one)
  • to distinguish voor (for you) from vóór (before)
  • to make a mute (unstressed) e long (coupé) --> only appears in borrowed (French) words

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L-ahhar aggornament May 03, 2007 ::