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Co-ordinating clause
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The co-ordinating clause

The co-ordinating clause is attached to the main clause by a conjunction.

The most common co-ordinating conjunctions:

en and
maar but
of or
want as
dus* so

(*) Dus can also mark the beginning of a subordinate clause.

A co-ordinating clause has the same word order as a main clause. See also overview? of the main clause.

Left Middle Right Left Middle Right
FF? DIROB? OV?   FF? DIROB? OV?
Mijn vader heeft een boek geschreven en ik ben de omslag aan het ontwerpen
My father has written a novel and I am designing the cover.

When we use en, we often skip elements that are repeated in the co-clause. In the following sentence, the subject hij (he) is repeated in the co-clause. Just like in English, we can omit the second occurrence of hij.

Left Middle Right Left Middle Right
FF? DIROB? OV?   FF? MANNER? MISC? OV?
Mijn vader heeft een boek geschreven en (hij) wordt vast heel beroemd
My father has written a novel and he will probably become very famous.

The next sentence is a question. Note the inversion of the subject and finite verb?. Again, the word order of the main and co-clause are the same.

Left Middle Right Left Middle Right
FF? MANNER? PLACE? OV?   FF? MANNER? OV?
Gaan jullie nog de stad in - of blijven jullie hier? -
Are you still going out (to town) or are you staying (here)?

The PLACE-element has the form noun (de stad) + postposition (in), which is common for adverbial constructions that express movement or direction.

Left Middle Right Left Middle Right
FF? MANNER? PF? OV?   FF? PLACE? OV?
Biologie valt vandaag uit - dus jullie kunnen naar huis -
Biology (class) is cancelled today so you can go home.

Uit is the prefix of the separable compound verb? uitvallen (to be cancelled, to fall out).

In the above example, you may have missed the verb gaan (to go) in "jullie kunnen naar huis". Gaan is often omitted when it is supported by an auxiliary verb. Compare with: "We willen naar de film" (lit: we want to the movies), "Die bank kan naar mijn schoonouders" (lit: that couch can to my parents-in-law).

Left Middle Right Left Middle Right
FF? DIROB? OV?   FF? DIROB? OV?
Ik was geen eieren aan het bakken maar (ik was) vis aan het braden
I was not frying eggs but (I was) baking fish

Just like with the conjunction en, we can skip elements that are repeated in the co-clause when we use maar (but).

Left Middle Right Left Middle Right
FF? MANNER? DIROB? OV?   FF? DIROB? OV?
Laten we snel het huis opruimen want we krijgen bezoek -
Let's quickly tidy the house as we are getting visitors

The inversion in the finite form of the main clause occurs because we are using the "let's go" construction (see also imperative?).


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L-ahhar aggornament May 17, 2007 ::