Inti qieghed hawn: Grammar > Word order > Subclause and main clause compared

Subclause and main clause compared
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Tradott mill-Ingliz minn ...

To see it step by step, we will compare the word order of the main clause (see overview of the main clause?) with the subordinate clause.

Word order of the main clause

The main clause generally begins with the finite formation (FF)? and ends in the other verbs (OV)?.

In a main clause, you find the finite verb at the beginning and the other verbs at the end.

The finite formation (FF)? consists of the subject and the finite verb. In a main clause, subject and finite verb are inseparable, nothing can come between them.

Word order of the subordinate clause

In a subclause, the two are separated: the subject stays at the beginning of the sentence but the finite form is moved to the end where it joins the other verbs.

In a suclause, the finite verbs moves to the end, where it joins the other verbs. The subject stays at the beginning of the phrase

Because all verbs are now grouped at the end, we can simply refer to this sentence-element as all verbs (VERBS).

So, a subordinate clause starts with the subject and ends with all verbs

Examples of subordinate clauses

. Left Middle Right
main clause conj? subject - verbs?
We kwamen te laat doordat onze trein - was vertraagd
We were late because our train was delayed.
. Left Middle Right
main clause conj? subject PLACE? verbs?
Bel me maar als je op het station staat
Just call me when you are at the station.
. Left Middle Right
main clause conj? subject PLACE? verbs?
De gulden is geen
betaalmiddel meer
sinds de euro in de Eurozone is ingevoerd.
The guilder is no longer legal tender since the Euro was introduced in the Euro zone.
. Left Middle Right
main clause conj? subject MANNER? PLACE? verbs?
Ze hebben een fietspad aangelegd zodat we veilig naar ons werk kunnen fietsen.
They made a bicycle road so that we can cycle to work safely.

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L-ahhar aggornament May 17, 2007 ::